Working capital refers to the cash requirements of a business for its day-to-day operations, or more specifically the investment required for the conversion of raw materials to finished products, which the company sells out. In academic terms, working capital is defined as the current assets minus the current liabilities of a business. It is that amount of cash flow the business requires for its daily operations. It is a measure of both a company's efficiency and its short-term financial health.
Large businesses have always had a number of alternatives to raise or maintain a positive working capital such as inventory maintenance, stock selling, issuing of bonds and accounts receivables financing among others. The lack of working capital and continuous cash flow leads to cash crunches for many new and small business firms. Small businesses often tend to find their current liabilities exceeding their current assets. Lack of proper working capital management often leads to trouble in paying back their creditors in short term and eventually into bankruptcy. Working capital loans are an ideal solution for small businesses, providing them a scope for rapid growth by meeting their short-term financial needs. Working capital loans are not usually for buying fixed assets and investments; instead they are used to clear up accounts payable, wages, short-term credits, advertising and other business obligations.
The lack of working capital and its proper management increases the risk of failure for many small businesses. It prevents them from growing and materializing on many available opportunities. Shortage of necessary working capital is one of the destabilizing factors for a small business. It can substantially jeopardize the regular operations due to the unavailability of essential resources in due course. Working capital loans complement the existing line of credit for the business and provide a continuous cash flow to fuel its growth. It assists the business when it needs to pay its bills and make short-term investments. Working capital loans, unlike the long-term loans, usually reach maturity within a range of one year.
Traditionally a collateral was essential to acquire a working capital loan, but innovative companies have come up now with loan programs that do not require any security. There are few basic factors that these lenders look at before they will agree to lend you money for your business. Credit history is one of the primary factors that lenders look into for settling a working capital loan for a business. The business owner's vested interests and ability to repay are other factors taken into consideration by the lenders and clarified on the basis of previous financial statements. These reflect the hard work and personal financial investments along with the cash flow trends of the business.
Broadly speaking, though working capital loans are popular among small business owners unsecured business cash advance [http://1rstfunds.com/] is probably a better alternative. Unlike working capital loans, the borrowers are not liable to repay any unsecured cash advance and those payments are settled against the borrower's monthly credit card sales receipts. Business cash advance has also come up big way and is definitely a better finance option for small business.